“Although Darwin’s theory of natural selection predicts an evolutionary disadvantage for animals that fail to pass along their traits through reproduction with the opposite sex, the validity of this part of his theory has been questioned with the discoveries of homosexual behavior in more than 10% of prevailing species throughout the world.
For example… studies of the Laysan albatross show that female-female pairing can increase fitness by taking advantage of the excess of females and shortage of males in the population and provide superior care for offspring. Moreover, same-sex pairing in many species actually alleviates the likelihood of divorce and curtails the pressure on the opposite sex by allowing members to exhibit more flexibility to form partnerships, which in turn strengthens social bonds and reduces competition.
Thus, not only do animals exhibit homosexuality, but the existence of this behavior is quite prevalent and may also confer certain evolutionary advantages.”
– Arash Fereydooni, Yale Scientific
“During the summer and fall, different communities of whales join together, allowing for temporarily male-only groups. Two male orcas — although occasionally more — playfully splash the surface of the water and make physical contact. Sometimes one male swims underwater and rubs the other whale’s three-foot long penis with his beak. They swim in this position, dive into the water intertwined, then typically repeat the act with the positions reversed. Perhaps the world’s most considerate animal, 90 percent of Orcas’ homosexual encounters are reciprocal.”
“Same-sex elephants have been known to mount each other and have also been seen ‘kissing’- inserting their trunk into the other elephant’s mouth. Most elephant relationships are fleeting, however, relationships between two male elephants (usually one older and one younger) have been known to last years.”
“African lions are frequently invoked as symbols of traditional rulership, especially in patriarchal societies which involve female harems. A certain percentage of male African lions, however, forsake the available females in order to form their own same-sex group gatherings. Male lions have been documented mounting other males, and engaging in a variety of behaviors normally reserved for single pairs of opposite-sex couples. Though many other animal societies are structured in a way that might occasionally favor same-gender pairing, the reason for male lion associations is unknown. Lions have some of the strongest sex drives of any cat species, meaning that the encounters are probably more . . . purposeful than same sex interactions among birds or rams.”
In captivity, both male and female flamingos form homosexual relationships. Companions travel together, sleep side by side, and preen and feed each other. Occasionally these couples have sex, although full genital contact has only been observed between females. Rarely, flamingos engage in a triad (known more familiarly as a menage a trois) with two males and one female. Humans have long assumed these skinny, pink birds were gay.
“Bonobos, like macaques, seem to enjoy same-sex female stimulation. In a 1995 Scietific American paper by Frans de Waal, he describes female bonobos rubbing their genitals together, “emitting grins and squeals that probably reflect orgasmic experiences” (BBC). Can’t say I blame them.”
“Dolphins have a position on the top tier of animal intelligence, and are comparable to both chimpanzees and humans in cognitive and social abilities. Great diversity exists in dolphin societies as well, and numerous same-sex liaisons have been identified. In one incredible case, a pair of gay dolphins enjoyed a seventeen year relationship, while researchers identified a whole pod of dolphins—composed entirely of males—whose members were certainly not lacking in romantic experiences. It has become clear that dolphin relationships are extremely strong, regardless of the specific orientation of the marine mammals involved. Many other dolphins have been found to be bisexual, enjoying passionate contact among their own sex as well as the opposite.”
“Gay sex accounts for 94% of all observed sexual activity in giraffes. Male giraffes have a unique way of flirting (and to occasionally show dominance) that is seen nowhere else on Earth. It is ‘necking’. Two males stand side by side, and gently rub their necks on each other’s body, head, neck, loins and thighs. In some sessions this goes on for as long as hour. This leads to sexual arousal. And while necking can sometimes lead to orgasm in of itself, sometimes they mount each other to finish each other off. But this isn’t what a couple of guy giraffes do when the girls aren’t around. With both male and female giraffes present, males like to start necking with other males and often disregard any females present.”
“Biologists at the Zealandia eco-sanctuary in New Zealand have spotted a bellbird that exhibits features and behaviour of both male and female members of the species. The bird hatched in early 2011, and DNA testing then showed it as female, but since then its development has been rather different to normal female bellbirds. Normally, female bellbirds have a white feather pattern but the chick began to show signs of the dark plumage normally seen on male birds. It also began to behave in a masculine way, not flitting between flowers like a female bellbird but instead moving with purpose, ready to defend its territory. The bird’s calls are unusual too. It makes both male calls and the distinctive “chup chup” normally heard from females, but the latter are louder and more frequent that is normal.”
“In 2007, scientists studying the laysan albatrosses of Oahu noticed that sixty percent of birds present were female, and that thirty-one percent of all the albatross pairs were lesbian. These pairs of female birds exhibit all the behaviors of close pair bonding, and engage in nesting, bill kissing, and a variety of other albatross breeding behaviors. Laysan albatrosses are normally highly defensive when they sense intruders— indicating that the acceptance of another female is true pair bonding. The same-sex partnerships may last as long as traditional pairs—in one case, a whopping nineteen years. In New Zealand, a same-sex pair of even larger royal albatrosses were recently found tending a nest together, suggesting that the phenomenon may be widespread.”
“We are often told to count sheep when we want to fall asleep, but the natural tendencies of rams actually might keep scientists up at night. Domestic rams are statistically among the most extensively gay mammals in existence. Scientific studies have shown that up to an incredible eight percent of male sheep may form exclusively male-to-male pair bonds, forsaking all contact with the female ewes. These same sex couples do not mate, but they act as a couple in every other way throughout their lives. The homosexual herds stand out as an example of diverse relationship status among animals—but of course, they’re less than popular among farmers, who seek to breed as many sheep as possible.”
“Some male swans form stable, long-lasting relationships with other males and occasionally raise children together. Males may have sex with a female, build a nest with her, and then chase the female away once she has laid the egg. The male then raises the baby with his male partner. Other times gay couples chase heterosexual couples from their nests, then raise the chick as if it were their own. These homosexual couples are frequently better-suited to parenting than their heterosexual counterparts — as two males, they can secure a bigger territory. Since it is possible for these swans to raise a family without having sex with a female, some swans are most likely exclusively homosexual.”
“Some male Humboldt penguins mate with other males for life and live with their partner in a nest they built together. To have sex, one penguin lies on his stomach and holds up his tail in order to expose his cloaca, the opening for the genital, urinary and intestinal tracts. Five percent of penguin couples in zoos are all-male. Additionally, two male penguins made headlines after they paired up in a zoo, and were given an egg which they successfully raised. Prior to being given an egg of their own, the gay penguins attempted to steal eggs from straight penguin couples.”